Bahrain is an archipelago located in the Arabian Gulf midway between the Qatar peninsula and Eastern Saudi Arabia. Bahrain landscape is generally flat consisting of a low desert plain rising gently to a low central escarpment. The highest point is the 134 m; Jabal ad Dukhan. The area of the main island is approximately 700 km2. Bahrain has a 161 km coastline and is connected to Saudi Arabia by a 23 km causeway, one of longest causeways in the world. Bahrain’s largest islands are Bahrain, Muharraq, Sitrah, Umm an Nassan and Hawar. As a small island state, Bahrain is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with approximately 90% of the 1.5 million inhabitants living in the two principal islands of Bahrain and Muharraq. Manama is the capital of Bahrain and is located in North-east of the Bahrain island.